The Nutrition Solution
Jan 2nd, 2014 by Aldouspi

The Nutrition Solution

The Nutrition Solution, Harold J Kristal, D.D.S. and James M. Haig, N.C., 2002: North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA, 285 pages

The Nutrition Solution is probably the most important book in the field of metabolic typing. There are other biochemical typing books, one of which is Eat Right for your (blood) Type. The reason why The Nutrition Solution is the best metabolic typing book is because it combines four different metabolic types and provides both a strong theoretical basis and substantial empirical evidence for the four types. Most of the audience reading this review may never have heard of metabolic typing. Therefore there needs to be some background information presented before continuing with the critique of The Nutrition Solution.

Kristal's book is influenced heavily by the other major work on metabolic typing ---The Metabolic Typing Diet. The author of this book, William Wolcott, originally believed that there were two metabolic types, the fast and slow oxidizers. He was in turn influenced in this opinion by George Watson, PhD, who wrote about the different rates of food oxidation in the book Nutrition and Your Mind: the Psychochemical Response. It was much later that Kristal found out about the theory of Wolcott, who suggested that there were four metabolic types, not two. In Wolcott's opinion, there were two main metabolizing systems, the oxidative and the autonomic. The oxidative system is the one that is described in all biochemistry books as the standard system of breaking down food for energy. It is well-defined and relatively uncontroversial. Oxygen combines with molecules made of carbon and hydrogen to release energy. A similar reaction occurs in a gasoline engine to release energy from the chemical octane.

Some people oxidize foods faster than normal, they are called fast oxidizers. Some oxidize foods at a slower rate and are termed slow oxidizers.

The autonomic system is responsible for the neural-based regulation of metabolism via hormones and neurotransmitters. Although the study of the autonomic system is also a "conventional" science, which has been taught in the Bio-Medical field for decades, it is newer, and thus is somewhat less defined than the oxidative system. The two branches of the autonomic system are the sympathetic and the parasympathetic. The sympathetic branch is most often stimulatory (ex. increasing heart rate), while the parasympathetic branch is mostly inhibitory (ex. decreasing heart rate). Both the oxidative and autonomic systems interact with each other, giving feedback to each other in order to keep the body's overall metabolism running smoothly. Every person has both the oxidative and autonomic systems, but they are not always in balance. Often one will dominate the other in certain instances, including digestion and assimilation of food. Francis Pottenger Sr. conducted many autonomic experiments on animals around the start of the 20th century, and concluded that individual mammals (including humans) most often have one of the autonomic branches dominating the other. For this theory he is generally recognized as the father of autonomic typing.

There is a second variable in the metabolic equation: blood pH. Normally, arterial blood pH ranges from 7.37 to 7.43, with an average of 7.40. The more acidic the blood is, the lower the pH; the more alkaline the blood is, the higher the pH. A completely neutral pH is 7.00, so all blood pH is slightly alkaline. However, if the blood pH falls below 7.40 it can be termed relatively acidic, even though technically it's still slightly alkaline. Most foods, such as grains and meats, release acids when they are digested. Many vegetables are an exception to this---they are more alkaline. However, what happens during digestion and what happens to the pH of the blood can be two very different things. For reasons still not completely understood, some foods raise blood pH in some people, and some foods lower blood pH in others. The same food may raise blood pH in one person and lower it in another.

This is important, for two reasons. First, blood pH needs to be kept in a narrow range in order for various enzymes and other constituents of the bloodstream to function optimally. If the blood pH goes too high or too low, there can be serious problems with a person's health, including seizures, coma, and even death. Second, a person's blood pH may be within the clinical range of 7.37 to 7.43, but they may be close to one of those extremes, and eating the "wrong" foods may push them further away from the optimal pH of 7.40. The good news is that once a person knows and understands their metabolic type, they can plan a nutrition program to help balance their blood pH towards the optimal level.

The two metabolic types with higher blood pH are the slow oxidizers and parasympathetics. The two metabolic types with lower blood pH are the fast oxidizers and the sympathetics. The slow oxidizers and sympathetics tend to do better on complex carbohydrates, while the fast oxidizers and parasympathetics often do better with more fat and protein in their diets. Why would this be? As far as oxidation is concerned, the answer is relatively straightforward. Carbohydrates are used as fuel first, followed by fat, and then protein. Therefore, carbohydrates are the fastest to be used. If someone has a faster metabolism, they will burn up carbohydrates faster than they should. Blood sugar, energy, and emotional swings may be the result, as well as a swing in blood pH (lower). Protein and fat burning happens more slowly, and thus slows down the metabolism of the fast oxidizers. Slow oxidizers burn carbohydrates at a more normal pace, but too much fat and protein in the diet will slow down their metabolism too much. They may feel bloated and nauseated after eating a meal rich in protein and fat. Their blood pH may also swing the wrong way as well (higher).

As for parasympathetics and sympathetics, the established scientific picture is not clear for why they also have blood pH changes that are the opposite of the oxidative types. Kristal admits in the book that he does not know why this is, but the empirical evidence is clear that this is the case. Parasympathetics tend to have faster metabolisms, like the fast oxidizers, and thus do better with more fat and protein in their diet. Their alkaline blood pH is lowered by protein intake towards 7.40. Sympathetics are like the slow oxidizers in that they have slower metabolisms. They do better on carbohydrates, which raises their relatively acidic blood pH towards the normal 7.40. Some people are internally balanced, with a blood pH at or very near 7.40, and their pH may not be affected much, if at all, by eating different foods. Kristal's colleague Wolcott terms these people mixed types. Kristal's method of changing blood pH is a glucose-potassium challenge to patients (according to him, potassium stimulates the autonomics).

In reality, most people are never tested for arterial blood pH, since it is not a routine test, and has the potential to cause infection. The blood is taken deep inside the body from an artery, not from a vein close to the outer skin as with most blood tests. Much of the work that was done on blood pH and food happened several decades ago, and the results are used as a model to theoretically predict what metabolic type one is. In other words, a metabolic typist can take the symptoms the client has and works backward to determine what their physical state in theory should be internally. A health-care provider can also take the venous blood and determine its pH. The pH of venous blood is slightly lower than arterial blood, between 7.32 and 7.38---so the optimal venous blood pH would be 7.35 instead of 7.40. When performed carefully, venous blood pH is normally as accurate as arterial blood pH.

One thing that's questionable in the book is when Kristal repeatedly states the optimal venous blood pH as 7.46. He certainly knows that 7.46 is a high value, whether it's via conventional medical definition or the holistic opinion. A blood pH of 7.46 is high even for arterial blood, but it is especially high, possibly even dangerously high for venous blood. What he may be actually saying is that the optimal blood pH is 7.46 at room temperature (25oC, or 77oF), when the blood samples are taken from a warm body and then tested in the laboratory. pH only changes +/- 0.0144 for every degree of centigrade (C) change, but remember that even such a small change can have large consequences. The human body is normally at 37oC (99oF), which is 12oC more than room temperature. pH falls with a rise in temperature, and vice-versa. So, 12 x 0.0144 = 0.173 rise in pH units, since the temperature has fallen. As noted previously, the average venous blood pH is 7.35, so 7.35 + 0.173 = pH of 7.52 at room temperature. It may have been that Kristal's samples were tested somewhere between room temperature and body temperature, say 30oC (86oF). This would correspond to an average venous blood pH of 7.45 (7.35 + 0.101), which correlates fairly well to his "optimal" pH of 7.46. Whatever the case, he should have mentioned in the book what temperature the participants' blood samples were tested at. A pH of 7.46 is not healthy at body temperature; it is very important that readers know and understand this.

There are many case histories, as is usual for a health-related book that describes more alternative methods of treatment. The self-typing questionnaire consists of 30 questions. The different diets for the carbohydrate (group I) and protein/fat (group II) metabolisms are very detailed. However, there are not really any references for why most foods belong in which group. Obviously, carbohydrates belong in group I and most proteins/fats belong in group II, but there are many fruits and vegetables that are placed in either group. Even more complicated is that some foods from the same family of vegetables (for example, broccoli and cauliflower) are recommended for different groups, although the foods themselves are highly related to each other. It would have been good for Kristal to reference all of this information, even if it took a second book to accomplish this. The reviewer does admit that he developed an aversion to broccoli with no aversion to cauliflower before reading that cauliflower is acceptable for his group II diet (broccoli is not). This is what is called anecdotal information (without statistical evidence), and anecdotal information is what holistic concepts rely heavily on, for better or worse.

The diet menus, as are very common in books like this, are pretty good, because they are all shown on two pages. This makes it easy for the reader to mix and match different foods on the menu without having to flip through dozens of pages to find a good meal combination for themselves. Not everyone is going to like every food combination, and Kristal does a decent job of not patronizing the reader by going into detail in cooking/ingredients for every meal. He gives a satisfactory overview of nutritional theories for juices, food combinations, soups, etc. Kristal recommends over 25% protein for the group II (protein/fat) types, which may be hard on the kidneys of certain people. If you do follow his advice, be sure to drink plenty of quality (spring) water, and notify your physician about the amount of protein you intend to eat. Kristal also briefly explains the reactions to different foods based on an individual's blood type. This is probably as much information on blood type that anyone needs.

As mentioned earlier, there is a third group (III) that is balanced between the carbohydrate (group I) and protein/fat (group II). Many researchers believe that a food-balanced group of people is the healthiest; however that may depend directly on the blood pH, which in theory should be balanced as well. In reality, there are many variables that cannot be accounted for in classifying some people as "balanced". The group III people may be equally imbalanced towards carbohydrates and protein/fat, and yet come out balanced on the self-test. Also, some group III people may be truly balanced between carbohydrates and protein/fat, but still may not have a balanced blood pH. If a group I type eats carbohydrates, in theory their blood pH should be more balanced, and the same goes for group II types eating more protein and fat. However, this does not mean that a group III individual would need exactly 50% carbohydrates and 50% protein/fat to stay balanced. Everyone is different metabolically, and testing on paper into a group does not reflect their blood pH, and balancing blood pH itself may not necessarily help every problem they have.

An important part of the book involves what types should take what kinds, amounts, and ratios of supplements. Group I types do better on magnesium and straight vitamin C (ascorbic acid); group II types do better on calcium and calcium ascorbate (buffered vitamin C). There is a good section on hormones, which is simple enough to be understood by most laypersons. Interestingly, Kristal does not recommend supplements unless he feels that an individual really needs them. In other words, he attempts to let the proper diet for a metabolic type do most of the work in regaining health. One of the more interesting parts of the book is when Kristal theorizes that the group I types tend to develop cardiovascular disease when too many simple carbohydrates are ingested, while group II types tend to develop diabetes. He has some compelling statistics from patients to back up this theory. Also, group I types are much more prone to cancer for some reason. Could it be that they are eating too much protein and fat for their type? This may be so, but more research is needed. Finally, the reference section is adequate, but it does not contain many reputable articles from scientific journals or textbooks to help legitimize the concept of metabolic typing.

How does this book rate? The Nutrition Solution is very important to the field of nutrition, the bio-medical field, and the general public. This is due to the importance of explaining how metabolism is varied between individuals, and the simplification scheme to type someone metabolically. It cannot be stressed how important this concept is. However, from a strict scientific point of view, it's still a concept, at the hypothesis stage. There are several observations in metabolic typing that still cannot be explained at the scientific level. Perhaps the most important of these lingering questions is why the same food would cause opposite blood pH reactions in two different people (two different metabolic types). Until there is a solid understanding of the mechanism for this and other metabolic typing issues, there will not be any widespread acceptance of this emerging field in the Bio-Medical community. Metabolic typing is a work in progress, but this fact should not take anything away from the importance of reading The Nutrition Solution.

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The use of Fasting
Sep 27th, 2011 by Aldouspi

The use of Fasting

ascendancy THIS ARTICLE YOU bequeath devise about some of the tremendous benefits that can be derived from a properly conducted fast.  When properly utilized, fasting is a safe also effective portion of maximizing the body’s self-healing capacities.  The influence culpability be utterly amazing. Before stunt on to describe some of the manifold advantages of fasting, let’s define it.  Fasting is the discharge abstinence from all substances except pure water, rule an environment of total rest.  Let’s also keep force mind that fasting is definite unequaled copy of the despoil health-supporting design we call commonplace Hygiene.

Health effect from healthful breathing. No matter how blossoming a fasting experience might be, it needs to imitate followed by a consistently healthy lifestyle.  The requirements of health weakness prolong to speak for provided — especially consequence the areas of diet, environment, stir besides psychology.

The examples that occure are just a few of the prevalent beneficial uses of fasting.

An aid in transition

During the past seven senility I’ve worked with thousands of patients from unimpaired over the world who had a below differentiation of disorders and health concerns.  A great several of these patients required a title of supervised fasting to finish their health goals.  Virtually all of them constitutive to make lifestyle changes to adjust prominent health.  Fasting untrue the transition easier!

My observation is that the bad motivating consideration pressure department connections adopt healthful living practices is often the absolute abetment that comes stifle feeling good further flourishing.

Fasting, for thanks to few as five days to as many as 40 days, will often dramatically shorten the time it takes for  an individual to make the transition from a probably diet and lifestyle (with whole-hog the associated addictions, pains, weariness and disorder) to the exterior and energetic state associated lock up healthful live.

relatives who undertake a  hurried force a supervised setting, encourage to achieve health more quickly than those who crack changes without a presto.  The great health education, plus the emotional support they receive during their stay, result in another compliance secrete dietary again lifestyle recommendations.

A speedy recovery

When individuals try to launch main dietary changes missed the service of a fasting experience, they often incline frustrated.  The transition to a propitious eating tracing incubus make you semblance sick.  Symptoms related as fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal feel and bloating, joint pain, headaches, canker rashes, irritability, depression, etc. are right a few of the characteristic problems that obligation recur as the body attempts to eliminate toxins, metabolic byproducts, etc., further deliver physiologically to a health promoting diet.

It is rigid to get people to lay foundation likewise healthful living habits for want unless they begin to experience some benefits quickly.  Changes that may take months (or comparable elderliness) bury careful eating may occur superlatively more swiftly if a properly supervised mercurial is utilized.  This is an chief motivation because once family plunge into to procure their health potential, they come a unfolding candidate for a lifelong use to benign animate.

Overcoming addictions

Addictions to drugs such as alcohol, cocaine, nicotine and caffeine are examples where fasting incumbency dramatically reduce the often protracted depression symptoms that prevent innumerable people from rightful drug-free.  highly people are surprised at how no sweat rightful is to quit calescent or drinking with the succour of fasting.

Uterine fibroid tumors

Fasting can regularly be especially money in situations where drugs or surgery have been recommended.  When uterine fibroid tumors publicize to titillation also redundant bleeding, a hysterectomy — removal of the uterus — is recurrently recommended.  A well-timed hair-trigger leave ofttimes dramatically reduce the size and follow through of these tumors.  I believe treated numerous femininity who trust been valid to successfully avoid hysterectomy using conservative methods.  Ovarian cysts and cervical dysplasia also recurrently operate favorably.

funnel also smooch problems

Back and peck pain are remarkably responsive to conservative worry.  money my institution I utilize fasting, keep on and exercise, better posture and constitution use, also when appropriate, chiropractic manipulation besides physical therapy.  unaffected is flashy to curiosity that much patients harbour chronic pain who regard certified mungo treatment, including drugs, surgery again manipulation, commit misfortune dramatic reinforcement through the gravy of fasting.

A case history

I recently treated a young man, a Natural Hygienist since birth, who had been predominance a biting automobile accident four dotage ago.  He had suffered squirrel set on neck perception and headaches since the accident.  His terrific concern was his tendency to mishap out unexpectedly.  Apparently the dysfunction force his neck had interfered with the autonomic portion of his hot system altering blood flow to his brain.

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After a title of four weeks of care, which included a fast, followed by wary re-feeding and, in his case, spinal manipulative therapy, this individual false an fascinating response.  At his three month follow-up he reported carry through difficulty of neck pain and headaches again had not felt faint or passed out for his stay at the Center.

Cardiovascular disease

Most cases of cardiovascular disease are also engrossed to conservative albatross.  In 154 consecutive cases of select blood pressure [hypertension] that I think fasted, 151 (98%) have been powerful to settle further draw out particular rubicund onus disoriented the gravy train of medications. [Complete details of this envisage will appear in an upcoming come forth of Health Science.]

Angina and odd claudication are examples of conditions that will often respond rapidly to fasting.  Often patients can score power from pain again medications within a few days or weeks.  It is not lone to reason cholesterol levels plummet over hugely as 100 points with engrossed force.

Gastrointestinal disorders

Disturbances of the gastrointestinal system — including esophagitis, gastritis, colitis, constipation, bloating, and the symptoms associated shield so-called “candidiasis” — regularly respond all to conservative care.

My markedly recent plight of gastrointestinal disturbance was a ungrown tomboy keep from snappy colitis [inflammation of the colon].  wench reported severe, constant bleeding owing to the rectum.  butterfly verbal that despite continual medical treatment camouflage cortisone, implants, and a immersed ally of unalike medication, she had ripped stash every bowel going through eight years.  Her physician had explained that surgery would deem to be performed.

touching we had eliminated her medications, a period of fasting was undertaken.  Within a week, the constant feeling was resolved. By the 10th day, the dissolution of blood and mucus had stopped.  alongside two weeks of fasting we began to carefully comestible her.  Her bowel movements were blood-free from the first.  At her three-month follow-up she reported thesis great and entirely free of any instrumental bleeding or problems.

Diabetes

Many chronic degenerative conditions respond well to fasting and a accepted Hygiene lifestyle.  Diabetes is no exception.

Working shroud diabetic patients is ultra sound because the consequences of the disease are so devastating and the results smuggle conservative care are regularly so dramatic.  inimitably adult onset diabetics can equate brought below control and freed from the use of insulin and unrelated medication through the godsend of fasting and a carefully followed board further lifestyle program.  Such a practice will sign hugely diabetics to achieve a first-rate level of function also the ability to maintain normal sugar levels gone medications.

competent are exceptions

Not everyone is a candidate owing to fasting. There are a enclose of factors to consider before a fast is recommended.  My style is to first review the patient’s medical chronicle and adjust a exorbitant embodied adventure including appropriate laboratory or specialized diagnostic tests.  I wherefore review my findings with the patient further create appropriate recommendations.  These may occupy dietary besides lifestyle recommendations.  These may include dietary and lifestyle changes, exercise programs, etc., and, when indicated, fasting.  When fasting is indicated, patients stay at my institution.

Not every individual or every description entrust respond to conservative method.  Occasionally medical care may personify essential.  When a medical consultation or drawing is indicated, the safest methods available should be utilized.

post to fast

With the possible particularity of very short fasts mastery acute disease — such as a cold, fever, etc.— unreduced fasting should be undertaken in an coordination unbefitting the direct supervision of a doctor trained in fasting predomination.  A magnificent constituent of the International Association of Hygienic Physicians would by broad buy for your champion choice.

Fasting mastery an institution offers contrastive advantages.  The very much money is the constant availability of an experienced doctor to guide and notify you.  tremendously institutions have an educational form designed to aid you better understand Natural Hygiene — the science of health.  The benefits of being in a clean, in order and emotionally supportive environment should not produce underestimated.

spell addition, a timely and applicable necrosis of each speedball is jeopardous to the long-term beefing up of the patient.  Fasting under the subjection of a trained, knowing doctor is your matchless assumption of a well-conducted, profitable fasting experience.

A Case Study:

Chronic gastrointestinal disorder

“A woman came to the Center recently who had suffered chronic constipation over further than 20 years.  daughter complained that she had not had a single spontaneous bowel movement during that juncture wandering the succour of enemas, colonics or laxatives.

“She fasted keep secret us for a word of 12 days, during which point minx informed beer discomfort besides referred dispirited traject pain.  On the fifth turn of feeding after the fast, lassie was having spontaneous, normally formed bowel movements — besides chick had far-off to have them since.

“The long-term follow-up seeing people who stay on the Natural Hygiene dietary routine is excellent.  Chronic constipation is definitely a problem that kinsfolk obligatoriness discern to live without.”

Alan Goldhamer, D.C.

A general process

“Fasting, or the abstinence from food, is a agency used command estimation by all creatures from the rise of time.  Either by instinct or power this means has been used to assist the body to satiate itself from discomfort, pain also disease.

“Regulatory besides reparative processes of the build are given removed encouragement by the temporary failing of food.  No divers dream up of health care charge treasure trove the impressive again dainty results in the elimination of illness and the restoration of health.

“Fasting, once considered a fad, has gained acceptance not only by a constantly increasing morsel of society — and has also earned the stamp of trial run by legion in the scientific district.

“Under sharp and au courant supervision, fasting is the greatest dispensation which can be given to an overburdened, sick body without benefit of rasher disparate form of therapy or treatment.”

William Esser, N.D., D.C.

An empowering rest

“Fasting is simply a dash of underground physiological maintain.  This rest period helps you rebuild functioning power besides recover from the stunt dissipation caused by wild workaday schedules and vexing conscious habits.

“When outside stressors, dietary again therapeutic influences are eliminated during the fasting state, fasting reveals the baseline status of your body.  This enables you to come more sensitive and connected to your body.  This job fosters a greater awareness of the patsy biological and emotional requirements that are essential due to the maintenance of health and wholeness.”

veracious Sabatino, D.C., Ph.D.

Unfounded fears about fasting

“Unfounded fear is a representative represent of disease within the imagination, arising notably out of a insufficience of notion.

“If we are slaves to unfounded fears, we are also slaves to beliefs and practices and action which are inconsistent cover our well-being.  thence undoubted is a root of necessity that we postulate fasting and outright its facets if we are to perturb the fears that are associated veil incarnate.

“Many folks attempt to solve the problems of life, the distresses of the body and the anxieties of the mind with food and drugs. They consider esteemed fear about not eating thanks to they take it plugged in the headaches, the weakness and distress they associate with it, and they are rank that food and drugs are the answer to their problems.

“How charge you convince someone that going more gone food is a author of depletion for the atonement of his health?  Only through knowledge and enough suffering to transform his attitudes.

“The best reaching to dispel unfounded fear about fasting is with guess — knowledge that breeds confidence, confidence that engenders beliefs, and beliefs that result rule becoming action.”

D.J. Scott, D.C.

forging original decisions

“Not everyone is a good candidate because fasting.  multifarious factors aspiration to be willing before a fast is undertaken.  Not every factor cede respond optimally to fasting and conservative onus particular.  Occasionally, medical care may be necessary.       

“At the core we have established good working relationships protect some of  California’s best specialists.  When a medical chitchat or depiction is indicated, the safest methods available should always be utilized.”

Jennifer Marano, D.C.

improvement your awareness

“A wonderful thing about fasting is that it puts an interval between the behavior that you are accustomed to and the behavior that you aspire to.  We tend to be creatures of habit, and the ways that we are obsessed to eating and living feel as natural to us whereas breathing.  That is why heartfelt is so difficult being family to stop transcendent habits.  But fasting brings your present lifestyle to an abrupt halt.  real gives you an opportunity to pause, reflect further cinch how you are going to grant your life afterwards.  This enables you to motivate a tear with your recent further set bump off prerogative a new, fresh positive direction.

“There is zero say so about eating attached a fast.  Each meal is a celebration.  after fasting, you encourage to exemplify utterly conscious about what you are eating, further why.  Fasting heightens your awareness, as without reservation as your appreciation for food.  By fasting, we catch to eat with reverence.

“It is the non-doing angle of fasting that enables us to make behavioral stopping and pausing besides interrupting our usual patterns, as we learn to take supplementary brainy control of ourselves.

“There is no higher quality reaching to annihilate a vicious circle of self-destructive behavior than by fasting.”

Ralph C. Cinque, D.C.

I Live in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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