Vegetarian Cyclists Nutrition
Dec 29th, 2013 by Aldouspi

Vegetarian Cyclists Nutrition

“The average person has about the same amount of iron in their body as a large rusty nail. It’s purpose in the body is to help with the formation of red blood cells that are used to transport oxygen to a cyclists hard working muscles. A deficiency of iron could lead to anemia and the associated symptoms of tiredness and fatigue. In athletes where the risks of over training are high (such as in cycling) it is vitally important to maintain high levels of iron in order to maintain performance. Symptoms of Iron Deficiency in Cyclists Symptoms of iron deficiency are not unique to the condition and can easily be mistaken for general states of tiredness. To the cyclist however, many of the symptoms can simply be diagnosed as over training when in fact a deficiency can be a cause of the symptoms. Symptoms of iron deficiency include: Fatigue Weakness Brittle Nails Irritability Paleness of colour in the face/tongue Pica (a strange craving for mineral rich non food substances such as dust or sand) Vegetarians and iron Iron is one of the most difficult minerals for our bodies to breakdown and absorb. In addition endurance athletes such as cyclists lose iron during exercise and therefore need to ensure iron intake is high to maintain the correct levels. Add to this that vegetarians generally have a lower iron intake because of their diet (see below) and it is easy to see why cyclists with vegetarian diets need to pay particular attention to their iron intake to avoid an iron deficiency. Foods that are rich in iron Most mild iron deficiencies in cyclists can be corrected by changes in diet that result in an increase in the consumption of iron rich foods. Generally foods contain two types of iron: Heme iron sources are usually found in meats and are much more easily broken down and absorbed by the body than non-heme ironthat is usually found in vegetables and grains. The foods listed below have high iron content; Lean red meats, chicken, turkey Fish (eaten by some vegetarians) Eggs Beans (fresh or baked), lentils, chick peas Nuts Fortified breakfast cereals Brown Rice Tofu Wholewheat bread Leafy greens such as spinach and broccoli Dried fruit such as apricots, prunes, raisins Avocado Iron Absorption Most vegetarian diets do not contain as much iron as a non-veg one. The interesting thing about iron as mentioned above is that the body finds it very hard to absorb. Vitamin C has been found to be great at helping the body absorb iron. Foods particularly rich in vitamin C such as oranges, kiwi, broccoli, kale, tomatoes, peppers and orange juice can massively increase the amount of iron you can absorb. Therefore if you are a vegetarian be sure to make sure you include these types of foods in your diet. On the flip side tea has been found to impede iron absorption so again try to avoid drinking tea with or immediately after your meals. Iron Supplements Iron supplements are usually not required unless you have very severe iron defficiency. Too much iron can be very bad for the body and so most doctors recommend treating any deficiencies purely through the adaption of diet. Donating Blood If you give blood you usually have about 1 pint removed each time which equates to about 10% of the total blood in your body. If you have particularly low iron levels the nurse may send you away without taking any blood telling you to increase your iron intake. Assuming you do give blood, you will need to pay attention to your diet to help your body recover it’s hemoglobin levels as quickly as possible. Your on bike performance should not be affected for moderate rides however during high intensity rides (races, interval training etc) you may notice a drop in performance until your body has recovered which can take up to 14 days.”

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What to Eat Post weight loss surgery
Oct 7th, 2011 by Aldouspi

What to Eat Post-Weight Loss Surgery

Weight loss surgery is more popular than ever. With most weight loss doctors almost guaranteeing good outcomes and lots of extra pounds gone for good, many obese people are taking notice. While it is true that weight loss surgeries can take off a large amount of weight, these surgeries cannot work alone. Instead, the patient must follow a strict diet and exercise routine that compliments the surgery.

Following any type of weight loss surgery, the stomach will be much smaller. This causes a smaller area where food can be held. The result is that a patient can only eat very small meals. The reduced caloric intake leads to the weight loss. In addition, there are many foods that should be completely avoided right after surgery and for the long term. Eating the wrong kinds of foods can hamper weight loss efforts and make the person very sick. Also, eating the wrong kinds of foods can cause serious obstructions in the new stomach pouch and in the intestines.

Some of the foods that are off limits include foods that contain stringy or fibrous matter or foods that are dried, doughy or sticky. Foods will seeds should also be avoided because of the possibility of obstruction. Fruits and vegetables on the no list include oranges, and other citrus fruits, celery, spinach, corn and asparagus. Rice, pasta and doughy, non-toasted breads should not be eaten following weight loss surgery. Nuts, popcorn, coconut and shrimp can also cause serious obstructions. Peanut butter and syrupy foods should be avoided as well.

After weight loss surgery is performed a doctor might recommend that you see a dietitian A dietitian can work with your for the long term to help you make wise choices on your eating habits and how to know when your body is full. Eating can often be because of emotions and a dietitian can help you conquer this issue. A good dietitian can also teach you about portion control, which is critical following weight loss surgery.

In the first few weeks following weight loss surgery, all patients are restricted to liquids and soft foods. As their wounds heal, they can gradually add in foods as long as they are not on the off-limits list and are chewed very thoroughly. The best foods are high quality foods that are lean and cooked without added fats or grease. Fluids are important following weight loss surgery, but should not be taken with meals. This can cause the food to pass too quickly through the digestive system and can lead to diarrhea.

Other foods that are good to eat after weight loss surgery include fruits and vegetables. Most doctors recommend that weight loss patients eat one to two servings of fresh fruit each day in addition to two to three servings of fresh vegetables. Low sugar cold cereal or hot cereal, such as oatmeal can be eating once a day in a small portion. One slice of toasted wheat or rye bread is also allowed. Some patients do have difficulty eating bread and meat following weight loss surgery. Only one to two ounces of lean meat can be eaten. Skim milk and low fat yogurt and cheese are also important for calcium.

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